Covid-19: the logistics in place in the United States to vaccinate 6 million people in the first week

40 million doses should be distributed before the end of the year, assured an American official.

The immense logistics necessary for the distribution of millions of doses of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine against Covid-19 are ready, American officials assured on Tuesday who plan to distribute 6.4 million doses upon the green light from the Agency. drugs (FDA) expected in less than three weeks.

And “40 million before the end of the year», Declared General Gus Perna, the chief of operations of Operation Warp Speed, set up by the government of Donald Trump to support the development and distribution of vaccines, and which includes a strong component of military and logistics experts of the Department of Defense. These 40 million also include doses of the vaccine developed by, the green light of which is also expected in December. “We can deliver anywhere in America», Assured the general.

Pfizer’s first delivery will be around 6.4 million doses, he said. Pfizer has created special containers to maintain the temperature at -70 ° C with dry ice for up to 15 days. Pfizer’s vaccine could be cleared by the FDA shortly after Dec. 10, the date of the agency’s vaccine advisory committee meeting. “We expect to be able to distribute the vaccine to 64 jurisdictions within 24 hours of FDA clearance.», Said the Secretary of Health, Alex Azar. The 64 jurisdictions are the 50 U.S. states and other jurisdictions such as the District of Columbia and territories like Puerto Rico.

The federal government pays for doses manufactured by Pfizer and Moderna. Each of the jurisdictions will decide where the doses will be delivered: hospitals, doctors’ offices, pharmacies, etc. The states will give the list to the federal government, which will coordinate delivery in 24 hours, every week, to all the sites listed. The distribution of the 6.4 million first doses was made in proportion to the population, according to Alex Azar. The second doses will be dispatched 21 days later for Pfizer, and 28 days later for Moderna.

Who will have priority? The federal government will make recommendations: probably residents of retirement homes, medical and first aid workers, and people whose pathologies make them particularly vulnerable to the virus. The following months will see an increase in production, and the government plans to have enough doses to immunize all Americans who want them in the second quarter.

But it is the state governors who will decide on the list of priority people in their jurisdictions, because the federal recommendations will not be binding. Vaccinations in retirement homes can in any case begin within 48 hours of the green light from the regulator, via one of the government’s partner pharmacy networks, CVS, also noted Alex Azar.


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