Burn out: what are the jobs to avoid?

THE ECO SCAN – According to a study by Technologia, more than one in ten French workers would be affected by this syndrome, which has not yet been recognized as a disease.

Among all employed workers, 3.2 million of them are in a situation of excessive and compulsive work, reports on the exhaustion syndrome carried out by the Technologia expertise firm. That is, 12.6% of the employed French population would present these two phenomena causing a high risk of developing a syndrome of professional exhaustion commonly called burn out.

Farmer operators are those most affected: almost a quarter of them. 60% of farmers express a compulsion to work, due to “the absence of an alternative, isolation or the desire to stay in the race at all costs”, evokes the study. 53% of farmers also feel worn out from working and exhausted at the end of a working day. Almost one in two farmers are tired when they get up in the morning.

Burnout also affects one in five craftsmen, traders, company directors or executives. “Among executives, those who work in the knowledge sector, such as teachers, for example, are the most concerned because they have made work a way of life. For professions highly affected by new technologies: there is no longer any real separation between private and professional life, which leads to over-engagement, ”says Jean-Claude Delgènes, CEO of Technologia. For the latter, the digital and knowledge economy and the deportation of work mean that work consumes time and eliminates all other activities. “Time and space no longer count, which makes it impossible to quantify the work. The disease of modern times is the misuse of telecommunications, ”he says. For Denis Monneuse, sociologist specializing in occupational health and expert associated with the, author of “Le silence des cadres” (Vuibert editions), “if managers are more affected by burnout, it is also because they are subject to work more than the others ”.

As for workers and employees, they are less affected (7% and 10%).

Whether you are in the countryside or in the city, south or north, Technologia does not note any significant difference in over-engagement scores.

Overused term

According to Denis Monneuse, “burnout is a trendy subject lately, but you have to be careful not to trivialize it. Burnout is a profound physical and mental exhaustion. One morning, we can no longer get up, we are at the bottom of the bed ”.

According to Technologia’s observations, the onset and development of burnout syndrome has four distinct phases. The first is the engagement phase. “This is the phase of intense satisfaction at work, characterized by great vigor, strong involvement, a feeling of happiness and intense absorption at work”, explains Jean-Claude Delgènes. The second is over-engagement at work. “Little by little, the activity and professional thoughts will gain all spheres of existence: social first of all (reduction in all sporting activity, usual leisure activities, outings…), and then family. The time devoted to the satisfaction of non-professional needs is increasingly short, ”further summarizes the director of Technologia. The third stage is the resistance phase. The person continues to impose a frantic pace. She increasingly denies her overwork. Self-esteem decreases, the subject begins to doubt himself. He finds himself locked in his solitary struggle against the expression of his own suffering. The first signs of breaking up with others come in the form of negative attitudes towards co-workers or clients. The subject has difficulty accepting the proposed sick leave and very frequently seeks to reduce it to a few days. Collapse is the final phase of this long process affecting all dimensions of the person: psychic, emotional and physical. This stage is often that of depressive illness. The risk of committing suicide is major.

Today the appraisal firm is calling for recognition of the burnout syndrome as a disease from Social Security. Currently, employees who are victims of burnout have the only recourse to justify a permanent incapacity of at least 25%, and that a “direct and essential” link with professional activity be highlighted by the regional committee for the recognition of professional diseases. “However, the regulatory criteria for admissibility of applications remain difficult to meet and the treatment by the regional committees for the recognition of occupational diseases is very heterogeneous. As a result, only a few dozen cases of mental illness are recognized in this way each year. Which is far from the reality of burnout in France, ”points out.